Bodrum Castle is also home to the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archeology, one of the most important archaeological museums of our country. Below you will find useful information for visiting the castle and the underwater museum.
Now we are talking about history and culture. We would not want to confuse you when talking about these amazing subjects, but when you visit Bodrum, know that one of the most romantic mischiefs to do late night, is to watch Bodrum from the dark cliffs which the castle is built on. The lights of the bars blink away, the music rises, but you are far from everything, leaning back to the castle, away from the whole crowd…
Huh, what were we talking about? Bodrum Castle..
The peninsula which the Bodrum Castle was built on, was an island in ancient times (Zephyria). Afterwards, it became a peninsula by connecting to the mainland. On the two sides of the fortress there are two big bays and ports that form the heart of Bodrum. It was built in the form of a fortress of the Knights of Saint Jean between the years 1406-1523. There are 5 towers in the castle: the longest of the French tower at a height of 47.50 meters, the Italian Tower, the German Tower, the British Tower and the Serpentine Tower.
The walls of the fortress where the castle is connected with the land are double layers. However, this reinforcement was not carried out on the eastern walls facing the sea, because the knights were sure that the navy would defend well in the face of an attack from the sea. As they were ambitious about the naval battles, they did not strengthen the sea walls as much as the land walls. For this reason, they have placed 7 doors in order to reach the inner castle.
When Rhodes was conquered by Kanuni Sultan Süleyman in 1522, the knights were forced to leave the castle and a mosque was added to the castle. During the First World War, the minaret of the mosque was destroyed during the fire of French artillery. In 1997, this minaret was rebuilt. The restoration of the castle began in 1960 and the castle is now used as the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archeology and the artifacts from the wrecks in the area are exhibited here. At the same time, one of the castle ditches, which were filled with sea water on time, is being used as a festival area where theater plays are exhibited today.